WHAT IS PELVIC ULTRASOUND IMAGING?
In medicine, ultrasound is used to detect changes in appearance, size or contour of organs, tissues, and vessels or detect abnormal masses, such as tumors. A pelvic ultrasound provides pictures of the structures and organs in the lower abdomen and pelvis.
TYPES OF PELVIC ULTRASOUND
- Abdominal (transabdominal)
- Vaginal (Transvaginal, endovaginal) for women
- Rectal (transrectal) for men
REASONS FOR PROCEDURE
Transvaginal exams are typically performed to detect:
- uterine anomalies
- uterine scars
- endometrial polyps
- cancer, especially in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding
In men, a pelvic ultrasound is used to evaluate the:
- seminal vesicles
In men and women, a pelvic ultrasound exam can help identify:
- Kidney stones
- Bladder tumors
- other disorders of the urinary bladder
In children, pelvic ultrasound can help evaluate:
- pelvic masses
- pelvic pain
- ambiguous genitalia and anomalies of pelvic organs
- early or delayed puberty in girls
Pelvic ultrasound is also used to guide procedures such as needle biopsies, in which needles are used to extract a sample of cells from organs for laboratory testing.
ARE ULTRASOUND WAVES HARMFUL?
Ultrasound waves are not harmful. Not to you and not to the Sonographer. There are NO harmful effects known to humans. No ionizing radiation is involved in Ultrasound Imaging.
HOW SHOULD I PREPARE FOR THE PROCEDURE?
You should wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing for your ultrasound exam. You may need to remove all clothing and jewelry in the area to be examined.
WHAT TO EXPECT DURING THE PROCEDURE
For a Transabdominal Exam:
A clear water-based gel is applied to the abdomen. A transducer is moved back and forth over this area until the desired images are captured. Ultrasound examinations are painless and easily tolerated by most patients.
The procedure is performed while patient has optimally filled bladder. Ultrasound beam does not travel well through gas in the intestine. A full bladder moves bowel out of the way.
For a Transvaginal Exam:
With Transvaginal ultrasound, although the examination is often performed to look for a cause of pelvic pain, the sonogram itself should not be painful or significantly increase your discomfort. A vaginal sonogram is usually more comfortable than a manual gynecologic examination.
For a Transrectal Exam:
If no biopsy is required, transrectal ultrasound of the prostate is similar to or may have less discomfort than a rectal exam performed by your doctor.
If a biopsy is performed, additional discomfort, due to the needle insertion, is usually minimal because the rectal wall is relatively insensitive to the pain in the region of the prostate. A biopsy will add time to the procedure.
WHO INTERPRETS RESULTS AND HOW WILL I RECEIVE THE RESULTS OF THE TEST?
Our Radiologic Physician will forward your results to your referring Physician along with follow-up recommendations. Your Physician should contact you with the results.
WHAT ABOUT PAYMENT?
Radiology Consultants will file all insurance as a courtesy to you. Depending on the Contractual Agreement with your Insurance Company, you may owe a co-payment and/or deductible at the time of service.
* Please bring your Insurance Card with you *
Please visit our BILLING PAGE for specific information on Insurance, Self-Pay, Motor Vehicle Accident, Cash, Debit or Major Credit Card payment options.
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Please notify the Radiologic Physician and/or Technologist if there is a possibility you are pregnant. Radiation is potentially harmful to a developing baby during pregnancy.