What Is An Intravenous Pyelogram?

An Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) is an X-Ray Procedure that provides images of the kidneys, bladder, ureters and the urethra (urinary tract) allowing the Radiological Physician to review their anatomy and function. An IVP Study uses a contrast material to enhance the x-ray images. The contrast material is injected into the patient’s system, and its progress through the Urinary Tract is then recorded on a series of quickly captured images.


NOTE: Make sure your Technologist and Radiological Physician are aware is you have any of the following conditions:

  • Pregnant, as radiation could be harmful to an unborn child at any time during pregnancy.
  • Diabetic and the medications you take.
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Any disorder of the kidneys
  • Taking medication for: Glucophage, Glucovance, Metformin, Metaglip or Avandamet

Reasons For Procedure

  1. Recurring urinary tract infections
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Blood in the urine (Hematuria)
  4. Ongoing pain in your side or lower back
  5. Detect problems within your Urinary Tract, such as:
    • Kidney Stone
    • Enlarged Prostate
    • Internal injuries after an accident or trauma
    • Tumors of the Kidney, Ureters or Urinary Bladder

How To Prepare For Procedure

Obtain Fleet Prep #3 Kit from your local drugstore 48-hours prior to your procedure. Follow the 18-hour Prep Instructions included in your kit. You should begin at 8:00 A.M. the day BEFORE your procedure.


What To Expect During Procedure

Once you arrive at Radiology Consultants, please check in with the Receptionist. You will be asked to change into a hospital gown that contains no metal fasteners that would be visible on the x-ray images.

Next, a Preliminary Film is taken of your abdomen, and an Technologist records your Medical History. The Technologist will then position you on a table, and a contrast material injected in a vein in your arm.

As the kidneys process the contrast material, a series of x-ray images are captured to determine the actual size of your kidneys and to show the collecting system as it begins to empty. Some kidneys do not empty at the same rate, and delayed Images from 30-minutes to 3 to 4 hours may be requested. However, a typical IVP Study usually takes about 1 hour.

During the Imaging Process, you may be asked to turn from side to side and hold various positions. Near the end of the procedure, you may be asked to empty your bladder, so additional Images can be taken of your Urinary Bladder as it empties.

Common Side Effects of IVP

  • Minor sting caused by the injection of contrast material
  • Feeling a flush of heat when the contrast material in injected
  • A slight metallic taste in the mouth

NOTE:  These common side effects usually disappear within a minute or two and are no cause for alarm.

What Is Intravenous Contrast Material & What Does It Do? 

The intravenous contrast material used in an IVP is a colorless liquid that is mostly water, but shows up white on the x-ray images. The contrast material is eliminated through urination. It does not discolor your urine or cause discomfort upon urination.

How Will I Receive The Results Of My Procedure?

The Radiological Physician will provide your referring Physician with an interpretation of the IVP images. Your referring Physician will then make a diagnosis and contact you regarding the findings, and subsequent course of action (if any).

What About Payment?

Radiology Consultants will file all insurance as a courtesy to you. Depending on the Contractual Agreement with your Insurance Company, you may owe a co-payment and/or deductible at the time of service.

* Please bring your Insurance Card with you *

Please visit our BILLING PAGE for specific information on Insurance, Self-Pay, Motor Vehicle Accident, Cash, Debit or Major Credit Card payment options.

Pregnant Patients

Please notify the Radiological Physician and/or Technologist if there is a possibility you are pregnant. Radiation is potentially harmful to a developing baby during pregnancy.

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** All images are for educational purposes only. Consult your physician for a proper diagnosis.**

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